ESSAYS

All essays submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts (Housing & Urbanism) in the Architectural Association School of Architecture

2013-2014


GLOBALISATION AND POVERTY IN THE GLOBAL PERIPHERY – The Neoliberal and Radical Analyses

ABSTRACT

As the strategic spaces of capital accumulation and extraction, the effects of globalisation are most evident in cities, and nowhere more so than in the cities of the global periphery. In this global system of cities, value extraction extends from the global centre all the way to the subsistence sector of the global periphery. Where neoliberal theory thus stipulates that the global market will eventually absorb the surplus labour force and lead to a process of growing affluence, the reality is that capital accumulation in the globalising world remains highly unequal. Because capitalist expansion does not eradicate poverty but is instead entirely dependant on the existence of a marginalised sector as cheap labour force, neoliberal globalisation is not a process of growing global affluence and development but is instead a process in which poverty and marginalisation are reproduced in the process of capital accumulation.

 

CONTENTS

Introduction
A Globalising World
Neoliberal Analysis
Radical Analysis
The Five Monopolies
Structural Adjustment Programmes
Cities in a Global System
Bibliography

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A FAMILY LIFE – Case Study Houses and Formats for Domestic Living

ABSTRACT

The issue that permeates suburbia and the way of living it promotes is the narrow view of the family and family life that lies at its foundation. In this respect, the Case Study Houses built in and around Los Angeles, California since the Second World War stand as exemplary explorations of the resilience of the family as well as illuminating the senseless focus on privacy evident in suburban living. They show not only that another way of suburbia and suburban architecture is possible, but even that it is entirely possible for the family to accommodate other ways of living as well that go beyond the suburbs.

CONTENTS

Introduction
1.         A Private Life
1.1 The Changs’ House
1.2 Case Study House #9, Entenza House
2.         A Public Life
2.1 Case Study House #2
2.2 Case Study House #8, Eames House
3.         A Family Life
Bibliography

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SOUND AWAKE – Understandings of the Emerging Øresund City Region

ABSTRACT

A cross-border metropolitan city region is emerging in the Øresund region of Scandinavia, kickstarted by the opening of the bridge linking its two main cities Copenhagen and Malmö in 2001. Understanding not only the extent of the emerging and existing interconnectivity but also the nature of this interconnectivity is crucially important when attempting to define strategic and spatial goals at a regional scale. Where some understandings of the region fail is precisely in their failure to understand not only the polycentric logic of the region but also the importance of polycentricity as a concept in itself. If the Øresund Region is thus to develop and integrate in any strategic way and build on its embedded logic, a more intelligent understanding of both internal and external relations is needed.

CONTENTS

1. Introduction
2. Øresund – A City Region
2.1 Øresund in Europe
2.2 Polycentric Øresund
3. Øresund – A Region of Cities
3.1 Loop City
3.2 The Death of Cluster
3.3 Knowledge and Education
3.4 Medicon Valley
Conclusion
Bibliography

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ENABLING CITIZEN INITIATIVE – from the top down and bottom up, approaches to urban transformation

ABSTRACT

In the face of de-industrialisation and a growing globalisation of production, cities across the western world are facing large physical changes. Transformation and redevelopment of industrial land is often a profound physical transformation, overseen and masterplanned from the top down to ensure that a redeveloped area or neighbourhood becomes a part of the physical urban fabric. Urban transformations also happen from the bottom up, however. These are of a much softer mould and concern the cultural changes in perception of the city that happen over time. Top down and bottom up approaches should not be seen as two competing or inherently different ways of viewing transformation in the urban realm; instead they should work and be seen in conjunction with each other. They each offer different starting points and different inputs to the management and transformation of the urban and the challenge lies in acknowledging the validity and importance of what each actor can contribute and understanding how to enhance and enable this contribution.

CONTENTS

1.1 INTRODUCTION
1.2 THE CHANGING URBAN CONDITION
2.1 THE CREATION OF SOHO, NEW YORK
2.2 KØGE KYST HARBOUR REDEVELOPMENT
3.1 LEARNING FROM SOHO AND KØGE KYST
3.2 ENABLING CITIZEN INITIATIVE
3.3 URBAN LIFE, URBAN TRANSFORMATION
BIBLIOGRAPHY

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